Intra-territorial inequalities in childrens hospital admissions in the Metropolitan area of Santiago, Chile
This paper aims to unveil the behavior of inequalities in health among the children population according to socioeconomic groups living in the same territory. Main purpose of the research is to determine if hospital admissions for respiratory diseases present evidence of unequal effects on morbidity of the resident population in the municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile (MAS). Entropy index is used in order to present socio-spatial inequalities, proportional differences between mutually exclusive groups, and redistribution potential. Observing simultaneously the spatial distribution of multiple socioeconomic groups within a territory provides a new lens for approaching the recent studies of inequality in the MAS, and allows to overcome an analysis based only on two antagonistic groups. The main findings show inequality of health damage in residents of different municipalities in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago, Chile. The data shows how the place of residence influences the health inequalities experienced, finding the following configurations: territorial balance; territorial imbalance; territorial inequality; extreme territorial inequality. The differences found in the proportionality of hospital admissions, according to the socioeconomic group do not follow a uniform trend in favor of least vulnerable groups.
Información de Publicación
Institución: Universidad Alberto HurtadoFacultad: Ciencias SocialesUnidad: Geografía
Institución: Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos AiresFacultad: Facultad de Ciencias HumanasUnidad: Geografía
Institución: Pontificia Universidad Católica de ValparaísoFacultad: Ciencias del Mar y GeografíaUnidad: Geografía